jMock 1: Mocking Classes with CGLIB

Because it uses Java's standard reflection capability, the default configuration of the jMock framework can only mock interfaces, not classes. The optional org.jmock.cglib extension package uses the CGLIB 21 library to create mock objects of classes as well as interfaces.

To use the CGLIB extension:

  1. Download CGLIB 22 and the jMock CGLIB extension JAR3 or a full jMock source snapshot4.
  2. Add CGLIB and the jmock-cglib-version.jar file to the CLASSPATH. If you have downloaded a source snapshot, compile the source and add the output directory to your classpath.
  3. Make your test cases extend org.jmock.cglib.MockObjectTestCase:
    import org.jmock.Mock;
    import org.jmock.cglib.MockObjectTestCase;
    class MyTest extends MockObjectTestCase {
  4. Your tests can now create mocks of abstract or concrete classes:
    Mock mockGraphics = mock(java.awt.Graphics.class,"mockGraphics");

    You can pass arguments to the constructor by passing the argument types and values to the mock method:

    Mock mockedClass = mock(SomeClass.class,"mockList",
                            new Class[]{String.class, int.class},
                            new Object[]{"Hello", new Integer(1)});

The MockObjectTestsCase class defined in the org.jmock.cglib package is completely compatible with that of the vanilla jMock API. The only difference is that it uses CGLIB to create proxies instead of the Java reflection API. This makes it easy to convert a test class to use the CGLIB extension when you find that there is no way you can possibly avoid mocking a concrete class: just change the base class of the test class to org.jmock.cglib.MockObjectTestsCase and all the mock objects will then use CGLIB to proxy calls.


1. CGLIB 2:

2. CGLIB 2:

3. jMock CGLIB extension JAR:

4. full jMock source snapshot: